Tips Tuesdays

slaw - Tue, 10/14/2014 - 06:00

Here are excerpts from the most recent tips on SlawTips, the site that each week offers up useful advice, short and to the point, on technology, research and practice.

Technology

Hootsuite Power User Tip: Create Templates for Regular Message
Dan Pinnington

Most of you will say that typing 140 characters isn’t a big deal. But typing the same thing over and over again can be taxing, even if it is only 140 characters. And why type things unnecessarily if you can avoid doing so? Hootsuite has a really neat feature that lets you save templates of tweets that you can drop into the Compose Tweet window with just a few clicks. This is how it works….

Research

Not Quite Finished
Shaunna Mireau

My carpenter partner likes to say, “A House is a work in progress”. I agree. Just because you have a yellow kitchen this year doesn’t mean that you can’t decide to paint it purple next year. Work In Progress, or WIP is frequently used in law firms to designate things that are not yet to the point where we ask a client to pay for them. Thinking about WIP and executing your work to the valued level when you are acting on client files is good business….

Practice

A Beginners Guide to Law Firm Video – Pt 2: Choosing Topics for Your Firm’s Videos
Garry Wise

In today’s second instalment of our Video for Lawyers series, SlawTips brings you a Tips vlog on choosing topics for your law firm videos. Transcript: Hello, I’m Garry Wise from Wise Law Office in Toronto and Wise Law Blog. Today, I’m using my iPhone to talk to you about choosing topics for your law firm’s videos….

Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Sim et al.: The Utility of Text: The Case of Amicus Briefs and the Supreme Court

Legal Informatics Blog - Tue, 10/14/2014 - 02:49

Yanchuan Sim, Bryan Routledge, and Noah A. Smith presented a paper entitled The Utility of Text: The Case of Amicus Briefs and the Supreme Court, at New Directions in Text as Data 2014, held 10-11 October 2014 at Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management.

Here is the abstract:

We explore the idea that authoring a piece of text is an act of maximizing one’s expected utility. To make this idea concrete, we consider the societally important decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States. Extensive past work in quantitative political science provides a framework for empirically modeling the decisions of justices and how they relate to text. We incorporate into such a model texts authored by amici curiae (“friends of the court” separate from the litigants) who seek to weigh in on the decision, then explicitly model their goals in a random utility model. We demonstrate the benefits of this approach in improved vote prediction and the ability to perform counterfactual analysis.


Filed under: Applications, Articles and papers, Conference papers, Methodology, Research findings Tagged: Amicus briefs, Bayesian models in quantitative legal prediction, Bryan Routledge, Court information systems, Econometric models in legal informatics, Judicial information systems, Legal text processing, Modeling goals of amici curiae, Modeling judicial decisions, Natural language processing and law, NDTAD, NDTAD 2014, New Directions in Text as Data, New Directions in Text as Data 2014, Noah A. Smith, Noah Smith, Predicting court decisions, Predicting judicial decisions, Quantitative legal prediction, Statistical methods in legal informatics, U.S. Supreme Court decisions, Utility maximization models and legal informatics, Yanchuan Sim
Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Podcast: Essentials for Starting a Law Practice

The Lawyerist - Mon, 10/13/2014 - 22:00

At this year’s Clio Cloud Conference, I sat down with Adriana Linares to talk about what you need to spend money on at the start of a new law practice.

I’m not thrilled with the “$4,000 or less” headline Legal Talk Network went with for the same reasons I eventually published a lengthy clarification of my “Start a Solo Law Practice for Under $3,000″ post. But now I’ve linked both of those posts and you can take that headline with a grain of salt.

With that out of the way, here’s what I think you need to start a law practice.

Categories: Teknoids Blogs

A New Department Marks the Rise of a Discipline: ‘Computational Media’

The Chronicle Wired Campus - Mon, 10/13/2014 - 14:54

Pixar movies, interactive video games, smartphone applications—all are forms of computational media, the marriage of computer science to the arts and humanities. Signaling a deeper investment in that fast-growing if slippery field, the University of California at Santa Cruz announced the creation on Monday of what it called the first computational-media department ever.

“There’s always been, in the heart of computing, a concern with human communication and media,” said Noah Wardrip-Fruin, an associate professor of computer science at Santa Cruz. Mr. Wardrip-Fruin and Michael Mateas, a professor who will become chair of the new department, argued this year in a university report that computational media is an interdisciplinary field, not one that simply applies computer science to arts and humanities projects.

The report was supported by the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the National Endowment for the Humanities, which also expressed their interest in interdisciplinary computer-based research.

That’s an important message, according to Ian Bogost, an interactive-computing and media-studies professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Researchers in the STEM fields and policy makers sometimes view artistry and ethics as afterthoughts, he said.

“We’ll kind of sneak that in or spread it like a glaze on top,” he said, describing what he perceives to be a common attitude. “There is sometimes a sense that we’ve decoupled computing from its cultural and artistic and humanistic context, and some of the trouble we might point to in the world we are living in—run by Wall Street and Silicon Valley—is perhaps a result of thinking of everything as just an engineering problem.”

Georgia Tech already offers a bachelor’s degree in computational media, which is run jointly run by its Schools of Interactive Computing and of Literature, Media, and Communication. And other universities are exploring the intersection of computing and the liberal arts. The University of Calgary, in Canada, has a graduate program in computational-media design that’s administered by the departments of computer science, environmental design, and creative and performing arts. New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts has a Game Center dedicated, according to its website, “to the exploration of games as a cultural form and game design as creative practice.”

While the products of computational media may often be entertaining, the field is not all fun and games. The kinds of deeply interactive stories found in video games can have more utilitarian applications, too, Mr. Wardrip-Fruin said, such as “embedding people in a rich, fictional social situation instead of reading a training manual.”

And according to Mr. Bogost, the field encourages students to question the potential purposes and uses of technology.

“It’s not just What can we make? and Can we do it fast and cheap? but Should we?,” Mr. Bogost said. “It’s about reconnecting computation to culture and creativity in a way that makes us ask the questions we don’t ask about the role of computers in our lives.” An autonomous department of computational media, Mr. Bogost said, may be better-positioned to foster those conversations.

Santa Cruz’s new department will administer the university’s extant degrees in computer-game design and in games and playable media. The university will also create new degree programs, as yet unannounced, and hire an unspecified number of new professors.

“At some universities, it’s hard to do this interdisciplinary research, since people reviewing your work don’t understand one of the major elements you’re bringing together,” Mr. Wardrip-Fruin said. “We’ll be able to bring in a junior faculty member with confidence their interdisciplinary research is valuable.”

Correction (10/13/2014, 5:32 p.m.): This post originally misidentified the position held by Ian Bogost at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is an interactive-computing and media-studies professor at the university, not director of the graduate program in digital media. The post has been updated to reflect this correction.

Categories: Teknoids Blogs

My Twitter Digest for 10/12/2014

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Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Flipping Civ Pro

Flipping the Classroom is a popular topic. In fact, in the most recent Horizon Report, the flipped classroom was named one of the most important emerging trends in educational technology for higher education …”because of how it rearranges face-to-face instruction for professors and students, creating a more efficient and enriching use of class time.”

The flipped class in law school has been the subject of several posts on this blog:

This semester, one of the professors at Albany Law School has decided to “flip” his Federal Civil Procedure class.

Each week he uses the software VideoScribe to create a video.

The video file is uploaded to TWEN for the students to watch outside of the classroom.

Students have to certify that they have watched the video in its entirety.

The professor also has the ability to check to see who has and who has not watched each video.

clicking + gives the names of the students who have watched

A detailed view can be seen monthly for each student showing how they watched the video (time, pausing, etc.):

During class time, the professor can spend time elaborating on what was covered in the video, answering questions about the content and engaging the students rather than using the traditional “Socratic method.”

I asked the professor about how things were going so far:

I think it’s much more productive (giving the students the material ahead of time) and I can use the time to do more examples, rather than lecture.

Then the important question…”Are the videos enhancing student learning?”

 I’m going to do an analysis.  I think they are helpful, but my analysis is going to try to determine whether there is any connection between watching the videos and how students fared on the mid-term.  Stay tuned.

As the professor says…STAY TUNED.

Are there any law school professors experimenting with “flipping the classroom?” If so, how is it working out? Are students learning better?

Here are some recommended articles for those considering “flipping” the Law School classroom:


Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Elementary My Dear Watson …?

slaw - Mon, 10/13/2014 - 07:56

Paul Lippe and Daniel Martin Katz offer “10 predictions about how IBM’s Watson will impact the legal profession.”

They note in part:

Many imagine Watson might displace lawyers for legal reasoning. We believe that systems like Watson are very unlikely to displace the reasoning processes of lawyers. But it’s equally true Watson may illuminate how rare it is that lawyers have to solve “bespoke” reasoning problems, and how common it is to apply “proven” approaches in slightly different contexts. But Watson doesn’t have to displace legal reasoning to have an impact.”

Which made me think of this cartoon from Case In Point:

Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Monday’s Mix

slaw - Mon, 10/13/2014 - 06:00

Each Monday we present brief excerpts of recent posts from five of Canada’s award­-winning legal blogs chosen at random* from sixty recent Clawbie winners. In this way we hope to promote their work, with their permission, to as wide an audience as possible.

This week the randomly selected blogs are 1. Susan on the Soapbox  2. Employment & Human Rights Law in Canada 3. First Reference Talks  4. Canadian Securities Law  5. Clicklaw Blog

Susan on the Soapbox
194 ABCs and Why They Matter

The other day on the campaign trail I met a Bearded Dragon. He was curled up in the arms of a little girl, blinking sleepily in the afternoon sun. He practically purred when I stroked his chin. (Yes I know they don’t purr but I swear he smiled when I touched him). It doesn’t take much to make a Bearded Dragon happy—a clean cage, fruit and vegetables and the occasional Madagascar hissing cockroach and he is good to go….

Employment & Human Rights Law in Canada
Cyberloafing, Time Theft or Productive Multi-Tasking?

Can an employer monitor (i.e. spy on) their employees’ online productivity (i.e. slacker, time-wasting cyberloafing)? Today I participated in a Lancaster House session on “Cyberloafing, Cyberspying” – two sides of the same labour relations coin, but full of divergent expectations and perspectives. I learned a ton from my fellow panelists, Dan Scott and Susan Munn, who represent unions and the government respectively, as well as the moderators, Shana French and Anne Gregory. …

First Reference Talks
Performance management of older workers

Given the increasing number of older employees who are choosing to remain in the workplace and the (near) elimination of mandatory retirement, it is increasingly important for employers to ensure that they are engaging in appropriate performance management of older workers. However, employers must make sure that its performance management is carried out in a way that does not trigger liability for age discrimination….

Canadian Securities Law
PEI joins cooperative capital markets regulatory system

The Canadian Department of Finance announced today that Prince Edward Island has become the fifth province to join the cooperative capital markets regulatory system now under development. As we discussed last month, the federal government, Ontario, British Columbia, Saskatchewan and New Brunswick recently signed a Memorandum of Agreement setting out the terms and conditions of a cooperative regulatory system that the Finance Minister hopes to have operating by next year. …

Clicklaw Blog
BCCPD is now Disability Alliance BC

Yes, BC Coalition of People with Disabilities’ name is now Disability Alliance BC. BCCPD members voted strongly in favour of the change at our Annual General Meeting (AGM) in June. Since then, we’ve been gradually transitioning over to using our new name….

_________________________

*Randomness here is created by Random.org and its list randomizing function.

Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Shcherbak: Integrating Computer Science into Legal Discipline: The Rise of Legal Programming

Legal Informatics Blog - Mon, 10/13/2014 - 05:09

Sergii Shcherbak of Stockholm University has posted a paper entitled Integrating Computer Science into Legal Discipline: The Rise of Legal Programming, on SSRN.

Here is the abstract:

In this paper, the complex nature of relations between law and cyberspace, and the roles of lawyers and programmers within such relations, are considered. Then, the mechanism of connecting law with cyberspace is scrutinised, and its importance is substantiated. A particular focus is on an aspect of this process — the integration of law into code, that is the reflection of legal rules in the lines of code. The author analyses the roles of lawyers and programmers within the process of connecting law with cyberspace, and underlines the importance of cooperation between these two categories of professionals within the integration of law into code. The author demonstrates that the approaches of lawyers and programmers to this integration may substantially differ, and this may affect the overall quality of this process. The main aim of this paper is finding a solution to this problem.

The author suggests the solution in the form of a new discipline — legal programming — which is a product of integrating computer science into legal discipline. Legal programming is intended to mitigate the problem by the application of a holistic approach to the integration of law into code. The proposed discipline is to be represented by legal programming experts. After considering legal programming as a discipline, the benefits of involvement of legal programming experts into the process of integrating law into code are exemplified. As a result, the main aim of this paper is achieved by determining the concept of legal programming and illustrating the benefits of its application within the integration of law into code.

HT @cottinstef


Filed under: Applications, Articles and papers, Policy debates, Technology developments Tagged: Computer science and law, Computer science in legal education, Law and computer science, Legal educational reform, Legal informatics, Legal programming, Modeling legal rules, Sergii Shcherbak, Software programming in legal education, SSRN, Technology in legal education
Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Surge of Requests to Be “Forgotten” Online

slaw - Sun, 10/12/2014 - 22:36

Following the European Court of Justice decision earlier this year in Google Spain v AEPD and Mario Costeja González, Google has had a flood of requests to have webpages deleted from their index. More than a third of these requests, or over 60,000 links, come from the U.K.

Google released data today demonstrating where the requests originate from:

To date, Google has evaluated nearly 500,000 links for removal. More than half of all urls reviewed by Google are removed, meaning that there are still many others that they do not.

This data also reveals that the vast majority of the links involved relate to social media sites. Whereas newspapers or blogs may update their content themselves, the nature of how information flows and is shared on social media sites means that undesirable content can often be far more “sticky.”

Although the court’s ruling only applies to the EU, we do have cases in Canada which illustrate the danger and harms that misinformation can create online. There is much that should be “forgotten” online, and there are some cases where it would be a moral obligation to do so.

Robyn Doolittle of The Globe describes the story of a Toronto schoolteacher who slipped and fell into Lake Ontario, tragically dying as a result. Embellishments to the story on social media sites resulted in the story turning into a suicide as a result of sexual misconduct against a student. The impact on the bereaved is significant,

Trish Queen had been a widow about a month when she realized what people were whispering.

“I’d always found it strange that some people didn’t ask what happened. Then someone said something to [sister in-law] Karen about suicide,” the 46-year-old recalled. “That’s when I realized, those people aren’t asking because they think Doug killed himself because of what happened at the school.”

But that is not what happened – despite the gossip.

None of this was true.

The Globe story is an exception where the record is corrected online, and it’s still questionable whether the limited news coverage addressing the rumours would tip the scales back. The apology in the newspaper rarely gets the same attention as the false headline which prompted it, and the Internet is no different.

The common law protections of slander and defamation are insufficient in many of these cases, as they do not protect the deceased, may reflect information which is undesirable but not damaging, or is information that was true at the time of reporting but is now obsolete.

At present, the majority of non-EU removals by Google outside of copyright claims are still based on defamation.

Although the number of successful court orders has increased in recent years, it is still a very expensive and inefficient mechanism, largely inaccessible to the majority of the public.

The challenge with inter-jurisdiction regulation is highlighted by Anna Sauerbrey in the New York Times, speaking about German apprehension of Google,

Google is often spoken of in dark terms around cafes and biergartens. People regularly call it the Octopus. Even a figure as dominant in the global economy as Mathias Döpfner, the chief executive of Springer, Germany’s largest publishing house, said he was “afraid of Google.”

Silicon Valley fears neither fines nor political reprimand. It invests millions in lobbying in Brussels and Berlin, but since it finds the democratic political process too slow, it keeps following its own rules in the meantime… Amazon is pushing German publishers to offer their books on its platform at a lower price — ignoring that, in Germany, publishers are legally required to offer their books at the same price everywhere.

It is this anarchical spirit that makes Germans so neurotic. On one hand, we’d love to be more like that: more daring, more aggressive. On the other hand, the force of anarchy makes Germans (and many other Europeans) shudder, and rightfully so. It’s a challenge to our deeply ingrained faith in the state.

Sauerbrey concludes that Germans love technology and the Internet, but want it provided on their own terms. This doesn’t seem much to ask for, and for widows like Trish Queen I would like to say that we can have the same here in Canada too.

 

Categories: Teknoids Blogs

My Twitter Digest for 10/11/2014

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Summaries Sunday: Maritime Law Book

slaw - Sun, 10/12/2014 - 06:00

Summaries of selected recent cases are provided each week to Slaw by Maritime Law Book. Every Sunday we present a precis of the latest summaries, a fuller version of which can be found on MLB-Slaw Selected Case Summaries at cases.slaw.ca.

This week’s summaries concern:
Citizenship / Limitations of actions / Civil Rights / Banks and Banking / Consumer Law / Creditors and Debtors

Jia v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) 2014 FC 596
Administrative Law – Aliens – Civil Rights – Constitutional Law – Courts
Summary: In 2014, individuals who sought to immigrate to Canada in the investor class applied for mandamus to compel the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration to process their applications which had been filed between 2008 and 2010. They also sought Charter relief because of the delay in processing the applications. The Federal Court dismissed the applications, but certified two related questions for appellate consideration. …

Knibb v. Foran et al. 2014 ABCA 303
Limitation of Actions – Statutes
Summary: Knibb was cognitively and physically disabled as a result of being struck by a vehicle while walking on June 5, 2004. Foran drove the vehicle. On December 13, 2004, Knibb’s mother (Noren) was appointed trustee and guardian for her son pursuant to the Dependant Adults Act. As a result, Noren was given the power to commence and settle litigation relating to Knibb’s estate. The appointment was continued pursuant to the Adult Guardianship and Trusteeship …

R. v. Mack (D.R.) 2014 SCC 58
Civil Rights – Criminal Law
Summary: A jury convicted Mack of the first degree murder of his roommate: see (2007), 458 A.R. 52. At his trial, the Crown conceded that the wiretap authorization had been obtained in violation of s. 8 of the Charter. The accused moved to have the statements he made during the “Mr. Big” operation (none of which were recorded on the wiretaps) excluded under s. 24(2) of the Charter. The trial judge concluded that s. 24(2) was …

Marcotte v. Fédération des caisses Desjardins du Québec 2014 SCC 57
Banks and Banking – Constitutional Law – Consumer Law – Creditors and Debtors – Damages – Negotiable Instruments – Quebec Obligations
Summary: At issue in this class action was whether the Fédération des caisses Desjardins du Québec disclosed conversion charges on purchases in foreign currencies to its credit cardholders in a manner that complied with the Quebec Consumer Protection Act (CPA) (s. 12). Marcotte was the representative plaintiff. The Quebec Superior Court, in a decision with neutral citation QCCS 2743, Gascon J., found inter alia, that …

Bank of Montreal v. Marcotte et al. 2014 SCC 55
Banks and Banking – Constitutional Law – Consumer Law – Creditors and Debtors – Damage Awards – Damages – Practice – Quebec Procedure
Summary: This class action and two others were launched, seeking repayment of the conversion charges imposed by several credit card issuing financial institutions (banks) on credit card purchases made in foreign currencies primarily on the basis that the conversion charges violated Quebec’s Consumer Protection Act (CPA). The representative plaintiffs were two individuals, Marcotte and Laparé. The banks argued that the CPA did …

Amex Bank of Canada v. Adams et al. 2014 SCC 56
Banks and Banking – Constitutional Law – Consumer Law – Creditors and Debtors – Quebec Obligations
Summary: This class action was authorized respecting repayment of the conversion charges imposed by Amex Bank of Canada on credit card and charge card purchases made in foreign currencies primarily on the basis that the conversion charges violated Quebec’s Consumer Protection Act (CPA). The class included both consumer and non-consumer cardholders of both credit and charge cards. Charge cards were similar to credit cards, except that the balance …

Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Summaries Sunday: SOQUIJ

slaw - Sun, 10/12/2014 - 06:00

Every week we present the summary of a decision handed down by a Québec court provided to us by SOQUIJ and considered to be of interest to our readers throughout Canada. SOQUIJ is attached to the Québec Department of Justice and collects, analyzes, enriches, and disseminates legal information in Québec.

ENVIRONNEMENT : Oléoduc Énergie Est ltée et TransCanada Pipelines ltée devront suspendre les travaux géotechniques préliminaires nécessaires à la construction d’un terminal maritime et d’un parc de réservoirs de stockage jusqu’au 15 octobre 2014.

Intitulé : Centre québécois du droit de l’environnement c. Oléoduc Énergie Est ltée, 2014 QCCS 4398
Juridiction : Cour supérieure (C.S.), Montréal, 500-17-082462-147
Décision de : Juge Claudine Roy
Date : 23 septembre 2014

ENVIRONNEMENT — pouvoirs de l’Administration — certificat d’autorisation — suspension — ministre du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte aux changements climatiques — travaux géotechniques préliminaires — effet sur une espèce menacée — béluga — injonction interlocutoire.

INJONCTION — circonstances d’application — injonction interlocutoire ou provisoire — divers — environnement — travaux géotechniques — certificat d’autorisation — suspension — effet sur une espèce menacée — béluga — caractère raisonnable de la décision — apparence de droit — préjudice irréparable — prépondérance des inconvénients.

Requête en injonction interlocutoire. Accueillie.

Les entreprises intimées ont déposé une demande d’autorisation auprès du ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte aux changements climatiques (MDDELCC) afin de procéder à des travaux géotechniques, soulignant la présence de mammifères marins, et en particulier de bélugas, dans la zone où elle désirait procéder. Cette demande, qui mentionnait que le béluga était une espèce menacée, faisait aussi état des dangers menaçant l’espèce et des mesures d’atténuation que les intimées se proposaient d’adopter pour éviter les effets négatifs possibles. À cet égard, les intimées projetaient de créer une zone de protection, de faire superviser les mammifères marins par des personnes qualifiées et d’interrompre les travaux dans la zone visée en cas de présence d’un mammifère marin. Jean, une jeune biologiste qui en était à sa première année à titre d’analyste au MDDELCC, a pris connaissance de l’information reliée au projet et, inquiète de l’effet des travaux projetés sur les bélugas, a poussé son analyse plus à fond, s’adressant notamment à Pêches et Océans Canada (POC) pour bénéficier de son expertise en matière de mammifères marins et demandant des informations additionnelles aux intimées ainsi qu’un engagement écrit stipulant que les travaux géotechniques ne causeraient pas de préjudice aux espèces fauniques, dont les mammifères marins. Les intimées n’ont jamais pris l’engagement demandé et elles se sont limitées à énumérer les mesures d’atténuation qu’elles entendaient mettre en oeuvre et qui étaient déjà connues. Par la suite, voyant que les intimées n’entendaient pas demander d’avis scientifique à la Direction des sciences de POC, Dionne, le directeur régional du MDDELCC a lui-même adressé une demande au directeur de ce service. Ce dernier a répondu en renvoyant l’information qu’avait déjà le MDDELCC, sans rien expliquer de plus. Le lendemain, Jean a remis son rapport d’analyse, dans lequel elle recommandait la délivrance du certificat d’autorisation. Sur la base de la recommandation contenue dans ce rapport, Dionne a délivré le certificat d’autorisation au nom du MDDELCC. Les requérants recherchent l’arrêt des travaux géotechniques préliminaires entrepris par les intimées et autorisés par le MDDELCC.

Décision
En vertu de l’article 20 de la Loi sur la qualité de l’environnement, le ministre du MDDELCC, avant de délivrer son autorisation, devait s’assurer que le contaminant en cause — le son — ne causerait pas de dommage ou ne porterait pas autrement préjudice à la faune. En l’espèce, malgré des inquiétudes quant à l’effet des travaux sur les bélugas et une absence de connaissance des mammifères marins, personne n’a jugé utile de consulter le Comité sur le rétablissement du béluga, alors qu’il s’agit d’une espèce menacée, et rien n’indique que le principe de précaution aurait été pris en considération. Par ailleurs, le ministre du MDDELCC ne s’est jamais interrogé sur la possibilité de retarder les travaux envisagés par les intimées, dont l’impatience ne saurait fonder à mettre fin au processus d’analyse. Enfin, alors qu’il n’a jamais obtenu l’avis scientifique de la direction des sciences de POC, mais seulement une lettre transmettant des documents déjà en sa possession, le ministre du MDDELCC a changé sa position et a signé un certificat d’autorisation. Ce faisant, soit qu’il s’est fié au rapport d’analyse de Jean, ce qui fait craindre que la décision prise ne serait pas éclairée, soit qu’il a suivi le processus de près, auquel cas rien n’explique comment la lettre reçue aurait pu apaiser ses craintes en l’absence d’un avis scientifique. Jean et Dionne ne paraissent pas s’être préoccupés du contenu de la lettre et ils semblent avoir occulté complètement le fait que personne ne leur a donné les réponses qu’ils recherchaient, à savoir si la réalisation des travaux aux dates proposées risquait de causer un dérangement important ou d’avoir des répercussions considérables sur les mammifères marins et, le cas échéant, quelles mesures d’atténuation additionnelles permettraient de réduire le dérangement ou les conséquences pour les rendre acceptables. Dans les circonstances, les questions entourant le caractère raisonnable de la décision amènent à conclure à l’apparence sérieuse de droit. Quant au critère du préjudice irréparable, étant donné les délais nécessaires pour mettre le dossier en état et le fait que les travaux seront terminés avant que la demande d’injonction permanente ne soit entendue, il sera créé un état de fait de nature à rendre le jugement inefficace. Enfin, malgré le préjudice économique invoqué par les intimées, la prépondérance des inconvénients favorise la délivrance de l’ordonnance, principalement parce qu’il est question d’une espèce menacée. Par conséquent, l’effet du certificat d’autorisation est suspendu jusqu’au 15 octobre 2014.

Le texte intégral de la décision est disponible ici

Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Summaries Sunday: Supreme Advocacy

slaw - Sun, 10/12/2014 - 06:00

On one Sunday each month we bring you a summary from Supreme Advocacy LLP of recent decisions at the Supreme Court of Canada. Supreme Advocacy LLP offers a weekly electronic newsletter, SupremeAdvocacyLett@r, to which you may subscribe.

Summary of all appeals and leaves to appeal granted (so you know what the S.C.C. will soon be dealing with)(Sept. 12 – Oct. 8, 2014 inclusive).

Appeals

Class Actions in Québec: Credit Card Conversion Charges
Bank of Montreal v. Marcotte, 2014 SCC 55 (35009)
Québec’s Consumer Protection Act applies to credit card issuers re conversion charges on purchases made in foreign currencies. All relevant provisions of the Act are constitutionally applicable and operative, and the plaintiffs have standing to bring this class action.

Class Actions in Québec: Credit Card Conversion Charges; Bills of Exchange
Marcotte v. Fédération des caisses Desjardins du Québec, 2014 SCC 57 (35018)
Similar summary to that immediately above. Payment by credit card does not fall under the exclusive federal jurisdiction over bills of exchange, and as such, the application of the Québec Act to credit cards issued is consistent with the division of powers, and neither the interjurisdictional immunity nor the paramountcy doctrines apply.

Class Actions in Québec: Credit Card Conversion Charges; Restitution
Amex Bank of Canada v. Adams, 2014 SCC 56 (35033)
Similar summary to that in BMO case above. The power to refuse to grant restitution under art. 1699 para. 2 if restitution would confer an undue advantage on one party is “quite exceptional”, must be exercised sparingly and on the basis of full proof, the burden of which falls to the debtor of the restitution.

Courts: Court “Hearing” Fees
Trial Lawyers Association of British Columbia v. British Columbia (Attorney General), 2014 SCC 59 (35315)
…are unconstitutional, as restricting access to the courts.

Criminal Law: Hospital Treatment Orders
R. v. Conception, 2014 SCC 60 (34930)
Courts cannot make treatment orders without hospital/physician consent except in rare cases. Consent is required for the disposition order in its entirety, not simply to the treatments aspect of it.

Criminal Law: Mr. Big; Wiretaps; Vetrovec warnings
R. v. Mack,2014 SCC 58 (35093)
Three grounds of appeal: trial judge should have excluded the confessions made to undercover officers during a Mr. Big operation; if confessions were admissible, trial judge did not adequately instruct jury on the dangers; trial judge failed to properly instruct jury on dangers associated with evidence of a central Crown witness. The S.C.C. did not give effect to any of these grounds and dismissed the appeal; at the end of the day, these were the problems the trial judge had to convey to the jury in his charge, “that is exactly what he did”.

Criminal Law: New Issues on Appeal
R. v. Mian, 2014 SCC 54 (35132)
Appellate courts have discretion to raise a new issue, but only in rare circumstances, and only when failing to do so would risk an injustice.
 
Leaves to Appeal

Bankruptcy & Receivership: Application of Provincial Statutes
Attorney General for Saskatchewan v. Lemare Lake Logging Ltd., 2014 SKCA 35 (35923)
Is there an operational conflict between the Sask. Farm Security Act and federal BIA.

 

Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Clients and Suicide: The Lawyer's Dilemma

LLRX - Sat, 10/11/2014 - 18:37
Ken Strutin's article discusses an increasingly visible issue, suicide, here in the specific context of criminal law. He reviews how the stress of prosecution or litigation, whether it means risking a prison term, unemployment, bankruptcy, eviction, broken family relations, isolation, or other serious consequences can create or exacerbate a vulnerable and dangerous state of mind in a client. Client suicidal thoughts, attempts or actions expose the intimacies of human autonomy and test the limits of the attorney-client relationship. They cross a range of legal, moral and medical contexts: professional responsibility, client confidentiality, effective assistance of counsel, legal malpractice, criminal liability, and end of life issues. So it is that attorneys confronted with signs of suicidal intentions in their clients need to be conscious of their legal and ethical responsibilities. Strutin's article is a significant guide for researchers, as it collects notable materials on this complex and sensitive topic, including ethics opinions, law reviews, bibliographies and other resources.
Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Student Research Resources Library

LLRX - Sat, 10/11/2014 - 18:06
Marcus P. Zillman developed this Student Research Resources Library to provide researchers with a comprehensive listing of reliable topical resources and sites available on the Internet.
Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Internet-of-Things (IOT) Resources

LLRX - Sat, 10/11/2014 - 18:03
This is a comprehensive listing of Internet-of-Things (IOT) research resources and sites available on the Internet. Marcus P. Zillman developed this guide with the goal of highlighting the most current and actionable research resources available on this topic.
Categories: Teknoids Blogs

My Twitter Digest for 10/10/2014

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Categories: Teknoids Blogs

Evolve Law: A Stanford CodeX Demo Event: Video, storify, links, and resources

Legal Informatics Blog - Sat, 10/11/2014 - 06:43

Evolve Law: A Stanford CodeX Demo Event, was held 9 October 2014 at Stanford Law School.

The event was organized by CodeX: The Stanford Center for Legal Informatics.

The event Website and program are available at: https://www.law.stanford.edu/event/2014/10/09/evolve-law-a-codex-demo-event

Video of the event is available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6LpKQkgr9iU

Tony Lai of LawGives has posted a report on the event: EvolveLaw: A Report From the Frontier of Legal Tech Innovation.

One Twitter hashtag for the event was #evolvelaw

Pieter Gunst of LawGives livetweeted the event and made the videos linked above.

Click here for a storify of images and Twitter tweets from the event.

Here is a description of the event, from the announcement:

Evolve Law: A Stanford CodeX Demo Event

Sponsored by CodeX: The Stanford Center for Legal Informatics

Thursday, October 9, 2014
5:00pm-6:00pm Reception
6:00PM-8:00PM Panel
Stanford Law School, Room 190

Please join us for a discussion with founders of some of the hottest legal tech companies who will be presenting the nuts and bolts of starting a legal tech business, funding experiences, marketing and sales strategies, and brief demos of their products. LexMachina’s Owen Byrd will speak on their journey as a pioneer in this space and the panel will be moderated by Roland Vogl.

Moderator:

  • Roland Vogl, Executive Director, CodeX – The Stanford Center for Legal Informatics

Confirmed Speakers:

[...]

For more details or to register, please see the announcement.

HT Roland Vogl


Filed under: Applications, Conference resources, Showcases, Storify, Technology developments, Technology tools, Videos Tagged: CodeX: The Stanford Center for Legal Informatics, Evolve Law, Evolve Law 2014, Innovation in law practice, Innovation in legal services delivery, Innovation in legal technology, Law firm innovation, Law practice innovation, Law practice technology, Legal services delivery innovation, Legal startups, Legal technology innovation, Pieter Gunst, Roland Vogl
Categories: Teknoids Blogs